Perceptions of the value and the use of external drying agents in sexual practice
Gender, sexuality and vaginal practices
Multi-country study, KZN South Africa, Mozambique, Indonesia and Thailand
Duration of Project
2004 - 2006
Dr Jenni Smit
Project Aim/ Objectives
1. To document commonly practiced ‘dry sex practices’ in selected sites in KwaZulu-Natal, and
2. To explore the social, cultural and historical meanings attributed to these practices – both by those who engage in them, and also by those who resist or reject them.
This study is being undertaken in partnership by HIVAN and forms part of a larger multi-country study involving comparative research in Southern Africa and South East Asia.
Documentary information has been compiled on vaginal practices
Fieldwork - key informant interviews, focus group discussions and indepth interviews completed in October 2005
Transcription and data analysis undertaken
Manuscripts for scientific journals are in preparation
- A report for phase one has been completed and will be printed for distribution
- J. Smit attended an International Researchers' Meeting of the WHO multi-country study on gender, sexuality and vaginal practices, 29 May to 2 June 2006, Geneva, to plan the prevalence phase of the study.
- E Preston-Whyte, J Smit, B Kunene and F Scorgie attended the International meeting of the research group in Chonburi, Thailand from 22 - 28 January, 2006.
- All GSVP Members from the African region as well as the WHO Co-ordinator, ASIA regional co-ordinator, PIs from Thailand and Indonesia, attended a co-ordination meeting in Stellenbosch, South Africa from October 17 - 18, 2005.
- Africa Regional Data Analysis meeting for the Multi-Country Study on Gender, Sexuality and Vaginal Practices was held in Durban, South Africa from 5 - 7 December, 2005.
- First Africa Regional Planning and Co-ordination Workshop for the Multi-Country Study on Gender, Sexuality and Vaginal Practices was held in Durban, South Africa from March 16 - 18, 2005.
Papers/ Posters Presented:
- (Forthcoming) Scorgie F, Kunene B, Smit J, Manzini N, Preston-Whyte E, and Beksinska M: Pleasure of Pain? Women's perceptions of harm and sexual risk: a qualititve study of vaginal practices in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, 18th World Congress of WAS (World Association of Sexual Health), Sydney, 17 April, 2007
- Kunene B, Scorgie F, Smit J, Manzini N, Beksinska M, Prestin-Whyte E. Vaginal Practices in South Africa: Implications for Prevention Programmes. Poster presented iat The XVI International AIDS Conference, Toronto, Canada, 13 - 18 August, 2006
- Scorgie F, Kunene B, Manzini N, Smit J, Preston-Whyte E, and Beksinska M. 'Gender, Sexuality and Vaginal Practices in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.' Report prepared for the World Health Organisation (Department of Reproductive Health and Research), August 2006.
- Scorgie F, Kunene B, Manzini N, Smit J, Preston-Whyte E, and Beksinska M. Matters and motives for vaginal practices in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.' Paper presented at the Reproductive Health Priorities Conference in Stellenbosch, South Africa, 18 - 21 October, 2005.
- Scorgie F, Kunene B, Manzini N, Smit J, Preston-Whyte E, and Beksinska M. Matters and motives for vaginal practices in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.' Paper presented at the Sexology Conference in Canada, 10 - 15 July, 2005.
- Scorgie F, Revisiting 'dry sex': sexual pleasure and sexual health in a mission village, southern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, Paper presented at the 5th International IASSCS Conference: "Sexual Rights and Moral Panics" in San Francisco, 21 - 24 June, 2005.
- Book and journal articles in preparation
- Prevalence study to commence based on qualitative findings.
Projects in the Barrier Methods & Contraception Cluster: